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Historically, Canada has been a nation of immigrants. Most immigrant research addresses the issues of integration and adjustment of young and adult immigrants with little work on aging. Diversity and Aging Among Immigrant Seniors in Canada breaks from this tradition by offering an eclectic collection of original research from many of Canada's leading researchers on aging and immigrants. Some researchers refer to this emerging field as ethno-gerontology.

There are two interesting groups of immigrant seniors: those who entered Canada over 65 years of age and there are those who aged in Canada. Most Canadians are surprised to learn that the senior population of seniors has a higher percentage of immigrants (19.6%) than the general population (13.7%). As Canada ages, its composition of immigrant seniors has also changed from mainly European to greater cultural and ethnic diversity of Africa and Asia. This book examines how this cultural and ethnic diversity impacts social, health, and economic policies, as well as services delivered to seniors.

Table of Contents

Part I: Foundations: Setting the Stage
1. Elderly immigrants in Canada: Changing faces and greying temples, Douglas Durst
2. Integration outcomes for immigrant seniors in Canada: A review of literature 2000-2007, Herbert C. Northcott and Jennifer L. Northcott
3. Theorizing about aging and immigration, Lynn McDonald
4. Promises, promises: Cultural and legal dimensions of sponsorship for immigrant seniors, Sharon Koehn, Charmaine Spencer, and Eunju Hwang
5. Service use by immigrant families for an older relative: A question of culture or structure? Jean-Pierre Lavoie, Nancy Guberman, and Shari Brotman
6. The incidence of poverty among Canada's elderly immigrants, Hugh Grant and James Townsend
7. Restorative justice mediation for elder abuse among ethno-racial minority women, Atsuko Matsuoka, Antoinette Clarke, and Darlene Murphy
8. End-of-life care for immigrant seniors, Michael MacLean, Nuelle Novik, Kavita Ram, and Allison Schmidt
9. Cultural diversity in long-term care: Confusion with cultural tensions, Douglas Durst
10. Senior immigrants' support needs and preferences of support intervention programs, Edward Makwarimba, Miriam Stewart, Zhi Jones, Knox Makumbe, Edward Shizha, and Denise Spitzer

Part II: Diversity and Identity of Immigrants and Refugees
11. Social capital and health and well being of elderly Chinese immigrants in Canada, Daniel Lai and Shirley Chau
12. Elder abuse: Perspectives in the Chinese-Canadian community, Christine A. Walsh and Shelina Hassanali
13. The African immigrant experience with reference to aging, Douglas Durst and Godknows Kumassah
14. Social-cultural determinants of mental health among elderly Iranian immigrants, Siavash Jafari, Richard Mathias, and Souzan Baharlou
15. South Asian immigrant seniors living in Edmonton: Diverse experiences, Cheuk Fan Ng and Herbert C. Northcott
16. Gentrification, displacement, and resistance: A case study of Portuguese seniors in Toronto's “Little Portugal,” Carlos Teixeira
17. Caring for older Haitian parents: The impact of immigration on family dynamics and caring activities among family caregivers, Louise Racine
18. An exploration of the factors impacting upon elderly Ukrainian immigrant women, Nuelle Novik
19. Filial piety, financial independence, and freedom: Explaining the living arrangements of older Korean immigrants, Ann H. Kim
20. Predicting cultural adaption of elderly Chinese immigrants within a bidirectional model of acculturation: Canadian acculturation and Chinese identification, Ben Kuo
21. The Punjabi elderly: Reflections on culture, background, and emerging issues, Gurnam Singh Sanghera

Part III: Conclusion
22. Concluding thoughts: “All bets are off,” Douglas Durst and Michael MacLean

Douglas Durst

Douglas Durst, PhD, is a professor of social work at the University of Regina. For over 10 years, he has served on the Canadian Council on Multicultural Health and has published widely on social work practice with diverse communities.

Michael MacLean

Michael MacLean, PhD, is professor emeritus, social work, at the University of Regina.